Users with accounts on the
Eden computing systems
may maintain a personal website. This document will give basic
instructions on how to create a website and transfer it to the web.
What is a website?
A basic website is really a just document written in
HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language).
HTML is a set of "markup" symbols contained in a file intended for display
on a web browser
To create a website you simply create an HTML file and
put it on a computer that can be accessed by the Internet via a
URL (Uniform Resource Locator) which is a global address for resources on
the World Wide Web.
How do I make a website? (i.e. How do I create an HTML document?)
An HTML document is really just a text file which has embedded "markup" symbols.
There are two popular ways to produce an HTML document:
- Using a Text Editor
There is nothing to stop you from creating an HTML document directly with a text
editor (notepad, wordpad, emacs, vi, pico). Some people prefer to create their
websites this way since HTML is fairly simple and it gives them more control.
HTML is not a difficult language to learn. One easy way to learn it is to edit an
existing HTML file, save the changes, and click the "reload" button on the browser,
to see the changes take effect.
You can expand upon your template by learning more HTML from the links
to the resources below.
- Using a WYSIWYG Editor
Some people prefer to not edit their HTML directly and instead use a piece of software
called a "Web Editor", such as Macromedia Dreamweaver or Netscape Composer to write
their HTML for them. Such editors are called What-You-See-Is-What-You-Get
(WYSIWYG) Editors, since what you see in your GUI (Graphical User Interface)
is approximately how things are supposed to look when someone visits your site.
There are a variety of software packages available for users who prefer
to use a WYSIWYG Editor. Netscape Composer is a popular choice for
beginners since some users already use Netscape to access documents off
the web. For information on how to use Netscape Composer see the NBCS
How can my website be accessed via the Internet?
For any site to be accessed via the Internet that site needs a
URL (Uniform Resource Locator) which is a global address for
resources on the World Wide Web.
What is my URL?
Every Eden and RCI user has their own URL. If your
is jqdoe then your URL for Eden or RCI is:
How do I make my website come up if someone goes to my URL?
Your RCI or Eden account contains directories. If you create a directory
called public_html and put your HTML documents in that directory
then anyone who goes to your URL will see your website.
How do I put my website (i.e. HTML documents) in my public_html directory on RCI/Eden?
- Using a WYSIWYG Editor's Publish Feature:
For information on using a WYSIWYG Editor's Publish Feature see
- Using Command Line Tools:
If the page-to-be isn't already on your RCI or Eden account, use a Secure
FTP client to copy it to your account. For information on how to do this
If your public_html directory does not exist you can create it by
doing the following:
SSH into your RCI or Eden Account.
Issue the following UNIX commands while in your home directory.
chmod 755 public_html
Check the protection of your public_html subdirectory with the
ls -ld public_html
If the protection does not read drwxr-xr-x, you should reissue
chmod 755 public_html
Transfer your edited home page template into the public_html directory
and rename it as index.html. If you have it in your main
the command is
mv pagefile public_html/index.html
where pagefile is the name you've given the template while
Check the protection of your index.html file with the following
ls -l index.html
If the protection does not read -rw-r--r--, you should give
everyone read access to the file with the command
chmod 644 index.html
Additional Resources for Creating Websites
The following list of documentation further explains the various
aspects of World Wide Web publishing.
Here is a more detailed list of Rutgers services in support of web
II. General Information on the World Wide Web
III. Publishing Documents on the World Wide Web:
IV. Publishing Documents on the World Wide Web:
- HTML Tutorials and Guides
- Cascading Style Sheets
- Page Layout
Instead of using overly complicated tables or out-of-date frames, you can control
your page layout with with CSS. For more information see:
- Lynda Weinman's
Browser-Safe Color Palette
contains 216 colors out of a possible 256. That is because the
remaining 40 colors vary on most computers. By eliminating the 40
variable colors, this palette is optimized for cross-platform use.